From one culture to another—and from each generation to the next—the definitions of lying and deception are understood differently. This can cause people to doubt or mistrust each other’s integrity, including in academia where the originality of ideas is especially prized and plagiarism especially abhorred.
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Research led by Professor Rory McVeigh, chair of the Department of Sociology, has identified two community characteristics that, when present, appear to increase opposition to same-sex marriage.
From A.D. 550 to 1300, the ancient Puebloans inhabited the Four Corners region of the American Southwest, the place where four states—Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah—now meet. For more than 600 years of this time period, the Puebloans lived primarily on top of places such as Colorado’s Mesa Verde. They then began to build their now famous cliff dwellings, but barely 150 years later, they not only stopped building but also disappeared from the Four Corners region altogether.
Assistant Professor Jada Benn Torres uses genetics to research the distribution of diseases across populations, with a primary focus on women’s reproductive health. Notre Dame’s first molecular anthropologist, she recently celebrated the opening of her laboratory, where tools and techniques developed in molecular genetics are brought to bear on anthropological questions.
Scholars from around the globe will gather at the University of Notre Dame June 30–July 4 for the meeting of the Colloquium on Violence and Religion (COV&R). The theme of the conference is “Transforming Violence: Cult, Culture, and Acculturation.” More than 150 scholars from 14 countries are expected to attend.
Day-to-day life for graduate students is defined by the need to make a scholarly contribution to their chosen field of study. This intense focus drives these students to spend their days—and nights—doing research and analysis, writing and presenting papers, and, ultimately, submitting their work for publication in peer-reviewed journals. But at Notre Dame, these young scholars have another aspiration as well. As part of a University that values both research and undergraduate education, the graduate students in the Department of Sociology also strive to make a real contribution in the classroom.
John Van Engen, Andrew V. Tackes Professor of History at the University of Notre Dame, has been awarded the 2010 Otto Gründler Book Prize for Sisters and Brothers of the Common Life: The Devotio Moderna and the World of the Later Middle Ages (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008). The honor is given each year to an author whose work in any area of medieval studies is judged to be an outstanding contribution to the field.
Brian Ó Conchubhair, associate professor in the Department of Irish Language and Literature, has won an award for his book, Fin de Siècle na Gaeilge: Darwin, an Athbheochan, agus smaointeoireacht na hEorpa (The Irish Fin de Siècle: Darwin, the Language Revival, and European Intellectual Thought), from the American Conference for Irish Studies. The award, Duais Leabhar Taighde na Bliana Fhoras na Gaeilge, is bestowed for the best book of the year written in the Irish language.
The University of Notre Dame has longstanding historical and intellectual ties with Italy. While the University is already home to an impressive number of scholars whose research and teaching focus on Italy, previously no institutional structure captured their collective expertise. Now, thanks to support from the College of Arts and Letters and two grants awarded by the Office of Research, the University will further extend its engagement with that country in the form of an interdisciplinary program in Italian studies.
John Paul and Angela Jill Lederach have written When Blood and Bones Cry Out: Journeys Through the Soundscape of Healing and Reconciliation. Published by the University of Queensland Press, the book challenges the traditional idea that healing and reconciliation are linear and sequential “post-conflict” processes. Instead, the authors write, healing after war, near-death experiences, or sexual violence is circular and dynamic—and can continue even when the violence hasn’t stopped.
Next spring, graduate students in Notre Dame’s Sociology Department will host the 13th Annual Chicago Ethnography Conference, a yearly event organized by a team of students from major Midwestern universities, including the University of Notre Dame, University of Chicago, Northwestern University, and DePaul University. Notre Dame became an affiliate member of the group last year and is playing host to the conference for the first time.…
The University of Notre Dame and the Madison Center, the leading provider of behavioral health care services in northern Indiana, have announced a series of agreements which will enhance research opportunities for University and Madison researchers while helping to improve the already high level of services Madison provides to the local community. Although Notre Dame psychologists have conducted research at the center for a number of years, the new agreements represent a significant scaling up of the relationship between the two entities.
The Center for Public Anthropology (CPA) has recognized 13 first-year students for op-ed articles they submitted to its 2009–10 Community Action Project competition. More than 7,500 students from 28 U.S. colleges and universities submitted work to the CPA op-ed challenge this year. Only the top five percent of entrants are given awards.
Two Notre Dame students with a passion for history are taking to the streets this summer: Rising seniors Justine Murnane and Sam Fisher have been accepted into an educational program hosted by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History and will be heading to New York City in June to get first-hand experience investigating the history of the United States.
The dynamic, sometimes contentious, relationship between religion and democracy has long fascinated Michael Hoffman, a class of 2010 political science major. And now, thanks to the National Science Foundation (NSF), he will be able to continue the research he started with his senior thesis as one of a select group of students to receive an award from the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program. Founded in 1952, the program funds projects with the potential to have lasting, beneficial effects on society and the environment.
Two philosophers from the University of Notre Dame are being recognized this commencement season with honorary degrees. Alasdair MacIntyre, Rev. John A. O’Brien Senior Research Professor of Philosophy, will receive an honorary degree from Duke University at its commencement ceremony on May 16, 2010. Peter van Inwagen, John Cardinal O’Hara Professor of Philosophy, will be given an honorary doctor of divinity by the University of St. Andrews at its 2011 convocation.
Two Notre Dame faculty—Robert Dowd, C.S.C, assistant professor of political science and director of the Ford Family Program in Human Development, and Paul Kollman, C.S.C, associate professor of theology—have been awarded a $100,000 grant from the Pentecostal and Charismatic Research Initiative (PCRI) of the University of Southern California (USC). Their project was one of only 21 to receive funding, selected from more than 500 applications. The grant will support Dowd and Kollman’s study of the Roman Catholic Charismatic Movement (RCCM) in sub-Saharan Africa.
In April 2010, the College of Arts and Letters’ Journal of Undergraduate Research (JUR), Beyond Politics, Sociological Voices, and Through Gendered Lenses joined the College of Science’s journal Scientia to hold Notre Dame’s first student-organized celebration of undergraduate research and publication. The Undergraduate Research Publication Colloquium recognized the more than 100 undergraduate authors who this year submitted work for consideration by the student editors of these research journals. The event also launched the release the 2009-10 issues of JUR and Scientia.
After more than five years of study on the impact of political violence on children and mothers in Northern Ireland, University of Notre Dame faculty member Mark Cummings is expanding his research to include children and families in Croatia, where tens of thousands of people died in ethnic violence between 1991 and 1995.
J. Nicholas Entrikin, vice provost of international studies at University of California, Los Angeles, has been appointed to the newly established position of vice president and associate provost for internationalization at the University of Notre Dame by Provost Thomas G. Burish.
The Department of Sociology’s Center for the Study of Social Movements has adopted a strategy that brings together young scholars and seasoned professionals to help the flow of ideas flourish across academic generations. It’s an approach that’s also enriching the experience of Notre Dame graduate students while bearing witness to that old adage about imitation and flattery.
From Pythagoras’ golden ratio to fractal art produced with modern computers, mathematics and art have long been intertwined. Because of this, Shelley Kornatz, a senior graphic design major, sees no reason why an art student shouldn’t take up the cause for math with today’s high school students.
The annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) is the largest gathering of anthropologists in the world, which also makes it an amazing place for undergraduate anthropology students to present their work. For its 108th meeting in December 2009, the AAA invited Notre Dame faculty Agustín Fuentes, professor, and Deborah Rotman, professor and director of undergraduate studies, to organize a poster session titled “First Rites: Innovative Undergraduate Research in Anthropology.”
More than 270 students in diverse majors from across the University of Notre Dame’s colleges will showcase their research, scholarship, and creative endeavors on April 30, 2010, from noon to 6 p.m. at the third annual Undergraduate Scholars Conference. The conference opens in 105 Jordan Hall of Science with an announcement of the winners of the inaugural Library Undergraduate Research Award, two of which will be presenting at the conference.
Shannon Drysdale Walsh, a doctoral candidate in Notre Dame’s Department of Political Science, has received an Andrew W. Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies. The fellowship provides a stipend and research fund and covers university fees in the final year of dissertation work. Walsh’s dissertation, titled “Engendering State Institutions: State Response to Violence Against Women in Latin America,” explains variation in the development and practices of the policy agencies, police units, and courts that address violence against women in Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.
In the midst of one of the most challenging economic climates colleges and universities have ever faced, the University of Notre Dame has announced significant additional internal funding to support nine research initiatives during the second phase of the University’s $80-million Strategic Research Investments (SRI) process. Projects selected for second-round SRI funding represent significant research undertakings in such areas as sustainable energy, environmental change, HIV treatment, nanotechnology, hurricane impact mitigation, and religious scholarship.
University of Notre Dame President John I. Jenkins, C.S.C., and faculty members Scott P. Mainwaring and R. Scott Appleby have been elected members of the 2010 class of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS). They will be formally inducted at an October 9, 2010, ceremony at the Academy’s headquarters in Cambridge, Mass. Since its founding during the American Revolution by John Adams, James Bowdoin, John Hancock, and other scholar-patriots, the academy has elected leading “thinkers and doers” from each generation, including George Washington and Benjamin Franklin in the 18th century, Daniel Webster and Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 19th, and Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill in the 20th.
Robert Schmuhl, Walter H. Annenberg-Edmund P. Joyce Professor of American Studies and Journalism at the University of Notre Dame, is the editor of a new book that examines both the writer’s art and the role of journalism in American culture. Released this month by Andrews McMeel Publishing, “Making Words Dance: Reflections on Red Smith, Journalism, and Writing,” features lectures by 15 of the country’s most respected journalists and writers, given as part of a Notre Dame lecture series that honors award-winning columnist Walter W. “Red” Smith.
When one out of every 100 children born in this country is diagnosed with autism, treatment for those children requires as much attention as the diagnoses. “Ten or 20 years ago we were lucky to diagnose a child by age four or five,” says Joshua Diehl, assistant professor of psychology at the University of Notre Dame, who specializes in developmental disorders, with an emphasis on autism spectrum disorders and dyslexia.
Five University of Notre Dame peace studies master’s students who developed an innovative proposal to advance peace in Colombia presented their recommendations to a panel of experts at the United Nations headquarters in New York on April 9, 2010. The proposal, developed by classmates Maria Helena Ariza (Colombia), Jimena Holguin (Colombia), Rachel Miller (U.S.A.), Patrick Otim (Uganda), and Laura Snider (U.S.A.), was selected for this honor by Students Participating in Resolving International Tensions (SPIRIT), a partnership of the U.N. and Columbia University.