By the completion of the fourth semester or its equivalent in Arabic (Second Year Arabic II), students are expected to have attained the following proficiency level:


  • Students will have acquired the ability to express personal meaning and initiate and sustain a conversation on a wide variety of daily-life topics related to work, the future, hobbies, and other topics of general interest.
  • Students will be able to give formal presentations with paragraph-level cohesion on informational topics.
  • Students will be able to navigate between past, present and future tenses and modes to produce more nuanced and temporal meanings in sentence structure.


  • Students will have acquired the ability to compose coherent paragraphs, letters, and short compositions about daily-life topics, social situations, and topics of general interest using advanced syntax and morphology.
  • Students will also be able to summarize texts and write Encyclopedia-style descriptions of topics of general interest; these include journalism, education, literature, historical events, and cultural festivals and holidays.
  • Student will be able to describe, compare, and narrate events using past, present and future time frames and will understand complimentary usage of the active and passive participles-modalities.


  • Students will have acquired the ability to listen to authentic materials delivered at a natural pace about familiar topics related to social situations and topics of general interest including friendships, university life and future plans. In addition, they will be able to understand idiomatic expression, humor, and jokes.
  • Students can derive meaning and extract general details from complex conversations and listening materials about more abstract topics, such as the condition of journalism in the Arab world or philosophical discourses. They can also start to differentiate between the various diglossic registers.


  • Students will have the ability to comprehend authentic texts related to social situations as well as basic Arabic literary texts without having to defer to a dictionary. To that end, they will employ reading strategies that will enable them to decode texts: these include grammatical knowledge, root and pattern system, guessing skills and contextual clues.
  • Students are able to deduce the main ideas and summarize the main points of a text, provided the vocabulary is familiar.


  • Students will develop intercultural communicative competence and sensitivity by being exposed to the various iterations of Arab culture, including social norms and mores as well as other relevant topics through Classical and Modern Arabic literature, historical texts, films and documentaries, media, songs, trips, and casual and formal conversations at the weekly language table.